This standard was used by the American Chinese Crested Club until 1991, when a revised standard was drafted for the club's admittance into the AKC.
I provide it here for historical interest and comparison.
General Appearance: A slender, fine-boned, active and graceful little dog, with a smooth, hairless body and hair on the head, feet, and tail.
Temperament: Gay and intelligent, yet at the same time dignified and unaggressive.
Size: Ideal height in males is 11-13 inches at the withers; females 9-12 inches. Being a toy breed, a smaller dog of equal or superior type should be given full consideration.
Faults: Overweight and/or coarse dogs.
Disqualifications: Dogs or bitches over 14 inches at the withers.
Weight: Should not exceed 10 pounds in proportion to the height of the dog.
Disqualifications: Over 12 pounds.
Head: Slightly rounded and elongated skull with ears set low. Top of base of the ear is level with the outside corner of the eye. Cheeks are cleanly chiseled, lean and flat, and taper into the muzzle. Stop is pronounced, but not extreme. The head is smooth without excess wrinkles. Distance from the base of the skull to the stop is equal to the distance from stop to tip of nose. The muzzle tapers without coming to a tip, and is clean without flews. The nose is a prominent feature, narrow in keeping with the muzzle. Any color nose is acceptable. Overall head should present a graceful appearance, with alert expression and no suggestion of coarseness or raciness. Lips are tight and thin.
Faults: Dished face, too-wrinkled skin, snipey muzzle.
Ears: Large and erect, ear leather thin, with ear fringe permitted.
Faults: Round or bat ear.
Disqualifications: Broken-down or bat ears.
Eyes: So dark as to appear black. Little or no white to show. No signs of dullness. Prominent but not bulging. Almond-shaped and set wide apart.
Faults: Wall-eye, light eye, eyes set too close.
Teeth: Level or scissor bite. The canine teeth extend slightly forward. Premolars absent. The primitive dentition, linked with the hairless factor in this variety, causes weak and/or teeth with thin enamel. Therefore, although strong teeth should be encouraged, the condition of the teeth, or missing teeth, should not be a deciding factor in judging.
Faults: Very much undershot.
Neck: Lean and free from throatiness. Long and graceful. When moving, the neck is carried high and slightly arched, sloping gracefully into strong withers.
Faults: Ewe neck.
Body: Supple, smooth and hairless, the skin is fine-grained, smooth and warm to the touch. The shoulders are clean and narrow, with blades sloping back to form an angle with the forearm of about 90 degrees. The chest is rather broad and deep, but the ribcage should not be sprung. The breastbone is not overly prominent. Brisket should extend to the elbows, tapering into a moderate tuck-up. The width of the flank does not extend past the elbows when viewed from above. Topline is level. Length of body should be slightly greater than the height at the withers.
Faults: Too refined, lacking in bone development, roach back, sway back, hips considerably higher or lower than the withers, square or long-bodied dogs.
Tail: Set high on back and carried either up or out when in motion. Long and tapering, fairly straight, not curled or twisted to either side. Tail should be allowed to fall naturally when at rest or standing for examination.
Faults: Ring or corkscrew tail, carried low or between the legs when in motion.
Forelegs: Long and slender, set nicely under the body, long enough to present an elegant stride. The elbows are well-knit, held close to the body, and work cleanly and evenly. Pasterns are fine but strong, nearly vertical. Toes turning neither in nor out. Movement is long and flowing, with good reach.
Faults: Pinched front, out at the elbows, hackneyed movement.
Hindlegs: The slim stifle is moderately angulated; well rounded, muscular rump. Loints taut. Stifles firm and long, blending into well let down hocks. The hock extends in a line parallel to the base of tail, but beyond. There is sufficient angulation to produce a level back. Hind legs are set wide apart. The rear presents a driving movement.
Faults: Rubber hocks, slipped stifle, cow hocks.
Feet: Extreme hare foot, narrow and very long, with unique angulation of the small bones between the joints in the toes, especially in the forefeet, which almost appear to possess an extra joint (which in fact they do not). Nails are moderately long. Nails may be of any color, black or white.
Faults: Any other than hare foot.
Color: Any color or combination of colors.
Crest: Ideally, the crest begins at the stop and the hair roots stop growing at the base of the skull. Although permitted to be more extensive, the hair roots should definitely have tapered off by a point no further than one-third of the way down the neck. The hair itself may flow to any length, with a long flowing crest preferred. Texture is soft and silky, being slightly softer in the smaller dogs and slightly coarser in the larger dogs.
Socks: Ideally confined to the toes, but should definitely not come above the pastern joint.
Plume: Long and flowing, but confined to the lower two-thirds of the tail.
Hair Placement: Exact hair placement is not as important as overall type. The areas with the hair usually taper off slightly, and the dog with a few stray hairs when shown in the natural state is far preferable to one that has been trimmed.
Faults: Large patches of thick hair anywhere on the body, evidence of shaving.
The standard from the powderpuff is identical to that of the Hairless except for the following:
General Appearance: A slender, fine-boned, active and graceful little dog, with a soft veil of hair all over, so that it lives up to its 'Powderpuff' name.
Ears: Large with thin ear leather. Ears may be erect or drop, due to weight of hair. If they do drop, both should be down to the same degree. Ear fringes may be trimmed, if desired, to allow ears to stand.
Disqualifications: Cropped ears.
Teeth: Level or scissor bite. Teeth are strong and straight.
Faults: Crooked teeth.
Disqualifications: Very much undershot or overshot.
Coat: Undercoat is very short, guard coat is thin and much longer, giving a definite veil-like effect. A long coat is preferred, but should never be so long as to hamper movement. Texture is soft and silky, being slightly softer in smaller dogs and slightly coarser in larger dogs. The Powderpuff is shown naturally, without part or bows.
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