The Chinese Crested is believed to have evolved from the African hairless dogs many years ago and date back as one of the oldest breeds.. These dogs made there way onto trade ships and were used as Ratters.. The Chinese, seemed to favor dogs of smaller size, and selectively bred the African hairless to a smaller size and continued an active trade. Explorers, as early as the 1500s, found these dogs in ports throughout Central and South America as well as African and Asian cities. It is also known that the Aztec Indians used the small dogs for a food source...The Breed found its way to America through the active trading of the sailors.. we AMERICANIZED it by breeding in many breeds such as but not limited to Poodles, Fox terriers, Shih-Tzus, Chihuahua , and Maltese..Which explains the variation of coat type..
GENERAL APPEARANCE - A small, active and graceful dog; medium to fine boned, smooth hairless body, with hair on feet, head and tail only; or covered with a soft veil of hair.
The distinct varieties are born in the same litter.
The Hairless and the Powderpuff, completely covered with hair. The breed serves as a loving companion, playful and entertaining.
Coat Type Cresteds can be born with wire hire, soft hair, curly hair, wavy hair, long and short hair...needless to say with all these coat types it can be confusing...as per the standard Chinese Crested's are to have a soft mid length coat. With selective breeding programs we are targeting this problem in hopes of producing consistently to the standard
The main difference between the two varieties is the hair coat, of course, but the Hairless can have missing teeth, which is not permitted in the PowderPuff variety. The Powderpuffs are not subject to as many genetic defects as their hairless siblings and need to be retained in the breeding pool to maintain the health of the hairless Crested's. .
CHARACTERISTICS - If one was to research the breed you would find that in many country's there are Two distinct types of this breed; Deer type, racy and fine boned, and Coby type, heavier in body and bone. The American standard gives no mention to this...but they can be seen in the USA...though we tend to breed more toward the deer type..the coby is still around...with its much shorter leg breeders tend to gear their programs away from it....
HEAD AND SKULL - When we exame the breed closely you should see a slightly rounded and elongated skull. Cheeks should be cleanly chiseled, lean and flat, tapering into muzzle. Stop slightly pronounced but not extreme. The Head should be smooth, without excess wrinkles....and the distance from base of skull to stop should be equal to the distance from stop to the tip of nose. The muzzle should taper slightly but never be pointed, and lean without flews. The Nose a prominent feature, is narrow in keeping with muzzle. It should be dark.... Head presenting graceful appearance, with alert expression. Lips tight and thin; An ideal crest begins at the stop and tapers off down neck. A Long and flowing crest is always preferred, but a sparse crest is just acceptable. ...This will all vary according to bloodlines this is where your research of pedigrees will help...
Expression - Alert and intense.
Eyes - Almond-shaped, set wide apart.
Dark-colored dogs have dark-colored eyes, and lighter-colored dogs may have lighter-colored eyes. Eye rims match the coloring of the dog.
Ears - Uncropped large and erect, placed so that the base of the ear is level with the outside corner of the eye.
Skull - The skull is arched gently over the occiput from ear to ear. Distance from occiput to stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose.
The head is wedge-shaped viewed from above and the side.
Stop - Slight but distinct.
Muzzle - Cheeks taper cleanly into the muzzle.
Nose - Dark in dark-colored dogs; may be lighter in lighter-colored dogs.
Pigment is solid.
Lips - Lips are clean and tight.
Bite - Scissors or level in both varieties.
Missing teeth in the Powderpuff are to be faulted. The Hairless variety is not to be penalized for absence of full dentition.
Eyes - Almond-shaped, set wide apart. Dark-colored dogs have dark-colored eyes, and lighter-colored dogs may have lighter-colored eyes. Eye rims match the coloring of the dog.
Expression Alert and intense
EYES - on the subject of EYES
OUR STANDARD READS:
Dark-colored dogs have dark-colored eyes, and lighter-colored dogs may have lighter-colored eyes. Eye rims match the coloring of the dog
should not be to include BLUE eyes...but rather the goal should be to produce
dark eyes...with. Little or no white showing. Medium size, almond in shape. Set wide apart.
Eyes are dark in darker colored dogs, but may be a little lighter in lighter colored dogs, but blue, green, gray or yellow eyes should not be acceptable and one should not breed for these attributes..
Side note ( a true Palomino will have a greenish yellow/hazel eye and you won't have a dark eye in a true Palomino)
Large and erect, with or without fringe, in both the Powder Puffs and the hairless..
Uncropped large and erect, placed so that the base of the ear is level with the outside corner of the eye
Teeth and Bite
Bite - Scissors or level in both varieties. Missing teeth in the Powderpuff are to be faulted. The Hairless variety is not to be penalized for absence of full dentition.
Scissors or level in both varieties. Missing teeth in the Powderpuff are to be faulted. The Hairless variety is not to be penalized for absence of full dentition.
Due to the hairless gene, the teeth in the Hairless may be smaller and the tiny "tusks" will extend forward, but the Powderpuff should have a regular canine mouth. These tusk-like teeth in the Hairless may be due to a gene that often is seen with other mostly hairless mammals, such as the wild boar and the elephant. Selective breeding may help lessen the tooth problems of the hairless.
Hairless: The Hairless mouth is different from that of a Powderpuff. The teeth of the Hairless variety differ in shape from those in a normal mouth. The canines are conical and point forward; they are referred to as tusks. This is a characteristic which applies to both good and bad "Hairless" mouths.
The shape of the incisors can vary considerably. Some are no more than little pegs protruding from the gums. Others are almost normal. Sometimes a full complement of narrow "pegs" can look as though they have been thrown in haphazardly. The number of teeth present can also vary. In the worst example, many may be missing, having never been present at all.
Occasionally, milk teeth which showed great promise are not replaced with adult teeth; and where milk teeth have been missing, adult teeth can appear! The teeth that are present can be poorly rooted. For example, incisors may point forward like tusks, but they will certainly fall out at an early age. Pre-molars will be missing from the Hairless variety - one, two, or maybe all of them. Even a good Hairless mouth may be without first and second pre-molars, and this should be accepted as normal. Tusks and missing pre-molars are not mentioned in the Standard, but these characteristics should be acknowledged as typical of the Hairless mouth.
A successful breeding program to improve dentition will result in a mouth where all the incisors are evenly placed in each jaw. One or two pre-molars may be missing. The forward-pointing tusks will still remain, but the teeth will be of better quality, and they will not fall out in eighteen months time.
An extremely "hairy" Hairless can look almost like a lightly-coated Powderpuff! They have even been referred to as "semi-coats", which makes things even more complicated for a newcomer to the breed. In order to check whether such a dog is genetically Hairless or Powderpuff, simply look in the mouth. If the dog is genetically Hairless it will have forward-pointing tusks; if it is a Powderpuff it will have a normal mouth. However though this is the general rule..It seems the genes are mutating in some lines..Producing teeth that could actually pass as hairless..so be aware there is a rule for every rule in this breed...and no rule is a guarantee.
Puff: The Powderpuff carries no Hairless genes, therefore it has a normal canine mouth, and their mouths are not affected by the Hairless gene mutation. At the front there are six incisors top and bottom. The canine teeth are strong and slightly curved. Behind the canine teeth are four pre-molars and two molars, in both upper and lower jaws. This makes forty-two teeth in all, in a tight scissor bite.
Angulation - Layback of shoulders is 45 degrees to point of shoulder allowing for good reach. Shoulders - Clean and narrow. Elbows - Close to body. Legs - Long, slender and straight. Pasterns - Upright, fine and strong. Dewclaws may be removed. Feet - Hare foot, narrow with elongated toes. Nails are trimmed to moderate length.
The Chest should be rather broad and deep, not barrel-ribbed. Breast bone not prominent. Brisket extending to elbows; moderate tuck-up.
The body is rectangular, measured from the withers to the base of tail slightly is longer than the height at the withers. The topline is "table top" level from behind the withers to the set-on of tail without the pin bones showing.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck - Neck is lean and clean, slightly arched from the withers to the base of the skull and carried high. Topline - Level to slightly sloping croup. Body - Brisket extends to the elbow. Breastbone is not prominent. Ribs are well developed. The depth of the chest tapers to a moderate tuck-up at the flanks. Light in loin. Tail - Tail is slender and tapers to a curve. It is long enough to reach the hock. When dog is in motion, the tail is carried gaily and may be carried slightly forward over the back. At rest the tail is down with a slight curve upward at the end resembling a sickle. In the Hairless variety, two-thirds of the end of the tail is covered by long, flowing feathering referred to as a plume. The Powderpuff variety's tail is completely covered with hair.
Set high, carried up or out when in motion. Long and tapering, fairly straight, not curled or twisted to either side, falling naturally when at rest. Plume long and flowing, confined to lower two-thirds of tail. Sparse plume is acceptable.
The tail may point forward towards the head when on the move. The tip of the tail must never turn down towards the back, or touch the topline. ( Do not confuse the forward falling plume, as part of the loop ) The tail itself must not curl over the back or form a ring (teapot tail).
Rump well - rounded and muscular, loins taut, stifles firm and long, sweeping smoothly into the well let-down hock. Angulation of the rear limb must be such as to produce a level back. Hind-legs set wide apart.
Neck - Neck is lean and clean, slightly arched from the withers to the base of the skull and carried high
Long, flowing and elegant with good reach and plenty of drive.
Movement SHOULD BE quick and lively without a hackney or mincing gait. Topline remains level.
AS per the American Standard
Lively, agile and smooth without being stilted or hackneyed. Comes and goes at a trot moving in a straight line.
Gay and alert
As per the American Standard
Size - Ideally 11 to 13 inches. However, dogs that are slightly larger or smaller may be given full consideration.
The word slightly lends way to much debate ..as written in the AKC Standard...." dogs that are slightly larger or smaller"
How much is slightly? 1 inch? if we were to assume it was 1 inch then the dogs would fall into the range of 10 to 14 inches...
The original Standard for the Chinese Crested before it was brought into AKC set different sizes for male and female...It read as follows " Ideal height in males is 11-13 inches at the withers; females 9-12 inches"
It also states the following "Disqualifications: Dogs or bitches over 14 inches at the withers"
It is my opinion that slightly should fall at 1 inch... when going much higher or lower..then slightly is no longer the proper term to use...so one should consider this to be the meaning of the standard
10 to 14 inches (measured from shoulder blade)
When looking at the sizes of Crested's in the ring it is important to note that dogs of foreign parentage sometimes carry a larger bone... larger bone/longer necks/ and longer body's sometimes give off an illusion of a much larger over all dog..when in fact at shoulders they are of the proper height....
In the original standard it read as follows "A slender, fine-boned" when recognized by AKC and revised this was replaced with "Fine-boned and slender but not so refined as to appear breakable or alternatively, not a robust, heavy structure."
Allowing for some breathing room...as we were seeing a lot more bone coming in from over seas...
It is important to note there are no DQ's in this breed each and every piece of the standard defined is only a fault..and each carries the same weight..
It is interesting to see just what has changed and really how fortunate we are....
The AKC standard allows for much variation ...but that is what makes the Chinese Crested so wonderful.....you can stand ring side and see a rainbow of sizes, colors, styles, etc...each one beautiful and unique..
When I study this breed I always look at the whole picture..past standards and also standards from over seas...it really helps you to see it in a new light...
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